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高考英语熟词新义

发布日期:2016-02-08  作者:訾小蕊  浏览量:[]
熟词生义 一词多义
A
1.act vi.起作用 (熟义:行动)
It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.只需几分钟,药物就起作用了。
2.add vt.接着说,又说 (熟义:加)
“They don't know.”he added.“他们不知道。”他接着又说。
3.address vt.①称呼 (熟义:地址,写地址)
The president should be addressed as“Mr President.”总统应称为“总统先生”。
②直接向……说;向……发表演说
She turned to address the man on her left.她转身过去,向她左边的那人讲话。
He is going to address the meeting in a minute.他一会儿就要在大会上讲话了。
③探讨,处理 The article addresses the problems of diseases connected with malnutrion.
这篇文章探讨的是有关营养不良相关的问题。
4.admit vt.①允许进入 ②容纳 (熟义:承认)
The servant opened the door and admitted me(into the house)仆人打开门,并请我进去。
The theatre only admits 1,000persons.这个剧场只能容纳一千人。
5.against prep.衬着,迎着,靠着 (熟义:反对,违背)
The picture looks good against the white wall.这幅画在洁白的墙的衬托下显得很好看。
6.agree with 与……一致,协调,适合 (熟义:同意)
Your story agrees with what I heard.你讲的与我所听到的一致。
Long plane trips don't agree with me.我不适合坐飞机长途旅行。
7.arm n.武器v.武装 (熟义:n.手臂)
Lay down your arms or we'll fire!放下武器,否则,我们就开枪了!
8.attend vt.&vi.看护,治疗 (熟义:出席)
Dr.Paria Lal attends him.Paria Lal医生在治疗他。
If you go out,who'll attend to the baby?如果你走了,谁来照看婴儿?
9. admire v. 欣赏,观赏 (熟义:钦佩,羡慕)
We stopped half way up the hill to admire the view. 我们上山中途停下来欣赏风景。
10. afford v. 提供,给予 (熟义:承担得起)
The window affords a beautiful out over the city. 窗外可以看到城市的美丽景色。
B
11.back vt.支持 (熟义:n.背)
Many of his friends backed his plan.他的许多朋友支持他的计划。
12.badly adv.迫切 (熟义:坏)
The boy badly wants a new bike.这男孩非常想要一辆新自行车。
13.before conj.才;就 (熟义:以前)
It was a long time before I got to sleep again.过了很久我才再睡着。
I hadn't waited long before he came.我没有等多久,他就来了。
14.break down(计划)失败,坚持不下去 [熟义:(机器等)坏了]
All our plans broke down.我们所有的计划都破灭了。
15.bring v.引起 (熟义:带来)
The cries brought the neighbors running.哭声使邻居跑了过来。
16.build n.身材,体型 (熟义:v.修建)
The football player has a solid build.足球运动员体格健壮。
C
17.cause n.事业 (熟义:n.起因,v.引起)
The UN has done a lot for the cause of world peace.联合国为世界和平事业做了许多贡献。
18.chance n.可能性v.碰巧 (熟义:机会)
There is a chance that I will see him.可能我会遇见他。
We chanced to be out when she called.当她打电话时,我们恰好不在家。
19.company n.有人作伴;陪伴; (熟义:公司)
You may know a man by the company he keeps.你可以从一个人所交的朋友了解他的为人。
He came in company with a group of girls.他是和一群女孩子来的。
20.concert n.协作,一致vt.商议 (熟义:音乐会)
The various governments decided to act in concert over this matter.
各级政府决定互相配合处理此事。
The team made a concerted effort to win the game.这支球队齐心协力力争赢这场比赛。
21. cost vt.使失去(生命、健康等) (熟义:花费;值……)
The patient's dangerous condition cost the doctors and nurses many a sleepless night.
病人的危险状态使医生、护士好几夜不曾合眼。
22. contemporary 同一时期的,同一时代的 (熟义:当代的)
Shakespeare was not contemporary with Dickens.
莎士比亚与狄更斯不是同时代的人。
23.count vi.重要; vt.认为 [熟义:数(数目)]
Every minute counts.每分每秒都重要。
On the whole she counted herself a fortunate wife.总的说来,她自认为还是一个幸运的人。
24. cover v.走完(一段路),够付(费用),看完(多少页书);涉及;报导(熟义:覆盖)
Here is £5;that should cover all your expenses.这儿有5英镑,应该够付你所有的开支。
25. claim ①宣称,声称,断言 ②索要,认领 ③ 夺走….生命
A man claiming to be a journalist threatened to reveal details about her private life...
一个自称是记者的人威胁要公开有关她的私生活的细节。
They intend to claim for damages against the three doctors.
他们打算向那3位医生索要损害赔偿。
Heart disease is the biggest killer, claiming 180,000 lives a year.
心脏病是头号杀手,每年夺去18万条生命。
26. check ① 检查,核对 ② 控制,抑制 = control
Higher interest rates will check public spending. 高利率会抑制公众消费。
keep/hold …. in check 控制某人/某物
练习:将下列句子译成汉语。
1.Careless driving cost him his life.
2.The brake wouldn't act,so there was an accident.
3.The President gave an address to the nation over the radio.
4.This ticket will admit three to the film.
5.The national flag stands out brightly against the blue sky.
6.For businessmen what counted was money..
7.It wasn't long before his new car broke down.
8.This type of suit doesn't agree with your build.
9.It chanced that the rain came on when we started out.
10.I have company this evening.
11.The teacher asked the students to read the text in concert.
12.Hospitals receive $10,000 per donor to cover the costs of the operating room,doctors and nurses.
D
27.desert vt.离开,抛弃n.应得的赏罚 (熟义:沙漠)
We sheltered from the storm in a deserted hut. 我们在一间空无人住的茅屋里躲暴风雨。
28.date A.日期 B.追溯 C.枣子 D.约会
The ancient temple has a long history and can date back to the year 1890AD.How wonderful it is!
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“date”?_________.
29.develop A.染上 B.发展 C.冲洗 D.开发 (熟义:发展;开发)
It is really a bad news that after his father died last year his mother develops a terrible disease this year!How sad he is now!
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“develop”?_________.
30.do A.将就,行 B.(表示强调)真地 (熟义:做,制作)
—Which do you prefer,coffee or tea?
—Either will do.It makes no difference for me.
Which one is the correct meaning of the second“do”?_________.
31.draw A.打平 B.吸引 C.吸取 D.画 (熟义:画)
Ladies and gentlemen,may I draw your attention to me?I have an important announcement to make. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“draw”?_________.
32.drive A.使 B.驱赶 (熟义:驾驶)
Do you have any idea what has driven him mad?
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“drive”?_________.
33. domestic A.国内的,家庭的 B.喜爱操持家务的
...over 100 domestic flights a day to 15 UK destinations.
每天超过100架次国内航班飞往英国境内15个目的地
She was kind and domestic and put her family before her part-time job.
她人很好也顾家,把家庭看得比兼职工作更为重要。
(the key: 33-38 BCADBA)
E
34.easy adj.舒适的,安分的,轻松的 (熟义:容易的)
Now we are leading an easy life.现在我们过着舒适的生活。
35.escape v.被忘记 (熟义:逃走)
His name escaped me for the moment.我一时想不起他的名字了。
36.eat one's words 收回前言,认错道歉(切勿望文生义,解为“食言”)
He boasted that he would throw me downstairs;but I made him eat his words.
他吹嘘说他要把我抛下楼去,但我叫他收回他的话了。
37.employ A.雇佣 B.使用
My father employs more people during the harvest. Can you tell me how to employ the word correctly?
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“employ”?_________.
38.enter A.进入, 加入 B.报名
Have you entered yourself for the sports meet to be held next week?
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“enter”?_________.
39.equal A.等于,相当 B.比得上 C. 称职
Nothing can equal the pleasure of drinking a cold drink on a cold summer day.
I’m not sure he is equal to the task.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“equal”?_________.
40.even A.有规律的 B.平坦的 C.甚至 D.公平的
Everything is evenly arranged at present. Don't be too worried.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“even”?_________.
41.excuse A.免除 B.借口 C.原谅
Living in the country can excuse you from the worry of the heavy traffic and the polluted environment.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“excuse”?_________.
42.expect A.预计 B.盼望 C.希望
The weather turns out far better than we expected.Now we have got used to it.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“expect”?_________.
43.express A.表达 B.高速的 C. n.快车 (熟义:v.表达)
It was in that express way that the traffic accident happened.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“express”?_________
His wish was that you should come here by express train.
他的愿望是要你乘快车。
( the key to 43-52 ACDBAAABBA)
F
44.fail v.①不足,缺乏;忽略 ②功能衰退 (熟义:失败,不及格)
Our water supply failed.我们供水不足了。
He never fails to write to his mother every month.他从来不忘记每月写信给他的母亲。
My grandfather’s eyesight is failing as he grows old. 我祖父随着年龄变老视力在衰退。
45.far from 远远不是 (熟义:离……远)
The show was far from being a failure; it was a great success.
这个展览远远不是失败;而是十分成功的。
46.figure v.认为,想象 (熟义:n.数字;雕塑,人物)
She figured that she would be next.她认为她可能就是下一个。
I couldn't figure out what he meant.我不明白他是什么意思。
47.flood n.大量的东西;vt.大量而来,充满 (熟义:洪水)
I received a flood of letters this morning.今天早上我收到大量的信件。
48.freeze v.不许动,停止走动(熟义:冻结,冻冰)
Freeze!Drop your arms!不许动,放下武器!
49.for good 永远
She'll soon leave London for good.她将永远离开伦敦。
50.foreign 不熟悉;和……格格不入 (熟义:外国的)
The subject is foreign to me.我不熟悉这门学科。
51.free 没有,免交;远离(常与of连用)(熟义:自由的,有空的)
Most of the roads are free of snow.道路上的雪大部分都已化了。
52.favor A.关爱 B.赞成 C.帮忙
Will you please do me the favor to work out the maths problem ?It is too difficult for me.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“favor”?_________
in favor of 决定选择某物 (熟义:支持,赞成)
Plans for a tunnel were rejected in favor of a bridge. 修建隧道的计划被否决,转而选择修建桥梁。
G
53.get away with (做坏事)不受惩罚 (熟义:带着……逃跑)
The child ought to be punished.You shouldn't let him get away with telling lies.
这孩子该受惩罚,他撒了谎,你不该把他放过了。
54.get down to 着手干某事(勿望文生义)
It's time I got down to marking the papers.是我开始批改试卷的时候了。
55.get through 用完;(使)通过(考试、议案) [熟义:接通(电话)]
He got through £300in a week.他一周就用完了三百英镑。
56.give away 泄露(机密);暴露(身份);出卖(朋友) (熟义:赠送)
Please don't give my secret away.请不要泄露我的机密。
57.give out 宣布;被用完; [熟义:散发(传单)等]
He gave out that he was going to America.他宣布他要去美国。
The fuel gave out.燃料用完了。
58.given(=considering) prep.考虑到 (熟义:被给予)
Given the general state of his health,it may take him a while to recover from the operation.
从他的总体健康状况来看,可能手术后要一段时间才会恢复。(2000北京春)
59.go v.被放置;相配;变得更糟 (熟义:去,离开)
The sofa can go against the wall.沙发可靠墙安放。
Pink and orange don't go.粉红色与橘色不相配。
He is getting old and his sight is starting to go .他老了,视力也下降了。
60.as good as 差不多,几乎 (熟义:与……一样好)
He as good as said I was a liar.他实际上等于说我在说谎。
61.ground n.理由 (熟义:地面)
He has strong grounds for more money.他完全有理由要更多的钱。
H
62.happen v.碰巧=chance (熟义:发生)
It happened that the new person in the office was the woman he had met at the party.
办公室新来的妇女碰巧是他在那次晚会上见到的那个妇女。
63.head v.动身去 (熟义:头)
The ship was heading for Shanghai.这艘船开往上海。
64.help v.避免,抑制 (熟义:帮助)
Don't tell him more than you can help.不要把不该告诉他的话告诉他。
65.home adj.本国的( 熟义:家)
The cars are made for the home market.这些小车生产出来在国内销售。
66.hold v.①容纳 ②支撑(重量),能承受 ③保持( 熟义:握;拿;举行)
The case can hold all my clothes.这个箱子可以装得下我所有的衣服。
Careful! I’m not sure that branch will hold you. 小心!我觉得那根树枝承受不了你的重量。
hold one’s attention/ interest 使某人保持兴趣/注意力
67.hold on 继续坚持做(难做之事) (熟义:别挂断;等一等)
They didn't know if they would be able to hold on until help arrived.
他们不知道能否坚持到援军到达之时。
68.hold out 够用;坚持(抵抗) (熟义:伸出)
The people of Hechuan held out for 36 years on the Fishing Castle.
合川人民在钓鱼城坚持抵抗达36年之久。
Exercise:根据汉语完成英语句子(每空一词)。
1.他置妻子儿女于不顾,出国去了。
He __________ his wife and children and went abroad.
2.够了。That will __________ .
3.科学家还在继续挖,继续寻找吸引游客游庞培城的东西。
Scientists are still digging,still making discoveries that __________ tourists to Pom peii.(2002年,北京春阅读A篇)
4.他根本不快乐。He is __________ __________ happy.
5.屋子里充满了阳光。Sunlight __________ the room .
6.Tim和他的邻居正采取措施使他们街区成为无事区。
Tim and his neighbors are doing something to make their neighborhood a trouble-__________ area.(2002北京春完形)
7.我停下来听,房间有人。
I __________ and listened:someone was in my room .
8.他一边说,他的秘书一边记。
His secretary __________ __________ what he was saying.
9.假期过后,你必须认真工作。
You must __________ __________ __________ your work after the holidays.
10.他考试没有及格。He didn't __________ __________ the exam .
11.厌倦了像火烤一样的海湾及其过热的旅馆,度假的人们来到爱斯基摩人式的园顶雪屋。
Holiday-makers who are bored with baking beaches and overheated hotel rooms __________ __________ a big igloo.(2001NMET阅读B篇)
12.请等一会儿,我去把车倒出来,送你回家。
__________ __________ a second while I get my car out.I'll run you home.
13.水用不多久了。
The water won't __________ __________ much longer.
答案:
1.deserted 2.do 3.draw 4.express 5.far from 6.flooded 7.free 8.froze 9.get down to 10.get through
11.head for 12.Hold on 13.hold out
I
69. industry n.努力,勤勉 (熟义:工业)
His success was due to industry.他的成功是由于他工作努力。
70.interest n.利益;利息;股份;同业者 (熟义:兴趣)
Don't look after your own interests.不要只顾自己的利益。
It's in /to your interest(s)to work hard.努力工作对你有利。
I have an interest in the company.我在公司有股份。
71.disinterested adj.公正无私的(勿望文生义)
His action was not altogether disinterested.他的行为不完全公正。
72.introduce v.以……开始 (熟义:介绍、引进)
He introduced his speech with a joke.他的演讲以一个笑话开始。
73.invite v.招引,招致 (熟义:邀请)
Don't leave the windows open——it's inviting thieves to enter.
不要把窗户打开了——这个要招贼来。
K
74.Keep vt.管理;经营,照顾;养活;饲养;售卖;遵守;庆祝(熟义:保持,保留)
Her grandfather kept a hair dresser's shop.她爷爷经营过理发店。
She kept her sister's children.她为她姐姐照顾过孩子。
He needs more money to keep his wife and children.他需要更多的钱来养活老婆和孩子。
——Do you sell school things?有文具卖吗?
——Sorry,but we don't keep them.对不起,我们不卖这些。
Everyone must keep the law.人人得遵守法律。
We keep the Spring Festival at home.我们在家过春节。
75.knock vt.批评,说……不好 (熟义:敲,打)
The critics knocked his latest play.评论家抨击了他最近的戏剧。
L
76.at large逍遥自在地,逍遥法外;详尽地;普遍地;随便地(勿望文生义)
The suspect is still at large.嫌疑犯仍逍遥法外。
Boys at large like games.一般说来,男孩喜欢运动。
77.last adj.最不可能的v.延续,够用(多久) (熟义:最后的)
He is the last person to tell a lie.他极不可能说谎。
Her holidays were to last six weeks.她的假有六周。
The food will last(us)(for)three weeks.这些粮食可够(我们)吃三周。
78.lay vt.向……提出;制定;生(蛋) (熟义:放,摆设)
The prisoner laid an escape plan.那囚犯制定了一个越狱计划。
It's laid down in the Act that women and men have the equal rights.法案规定男女享受平等的权利。
79.learn v.听到,获悉 (熟义:学习)
I learned of that yesterday.我昨天才得知此事。
80.lecture n.&v.训斥,教训(批评) (熟义:演讲)
My father gave me a lecture for smoking.因为吸烟我爸爸训斥了我一通。
81.lead vt.致使 n.铅 (熟义:领导,引导,通向)
What led you to think so?是什么使你这样想呢?
82.let down 辜负,使失望 (熟义:放下来)
He said he would be here by 12o'clock, but he let us down.
他说他12点钟之前就到,但他让我们失望了。
83.liberal adj.慷慨的,丰盛的 (熟义:开明的,自由的)
He is liberal with his money.他用钱大方。
My father gave a liberal amount of money each week.我老爸每周都要给我一大笔钱。
84.life n.活力,劲头 (熟义:生活)
The children are full of life.这些孩子们充满了活力。
85.not on your life无论如何也不(勿望文生义)
“Do you appreciate it?”“Not on your life.”你喜欢它吗?一点也不喜欢。
86.lift n.搭便车,鼓舞 (熟义:电梯)
Can you give me a lift to the station?我能搭个便车去车站吗?
His report gave us a great lift.他的报告使我们深受鼓舞。
lift v.消散;撤销(限制) (熟义:举起)
Jan's depression seemed to be lifting at last.吉安总算没有失望的情绪了。 lift the ban/restriction
87.in a…light以……目光,对……有……看法(勿望文生义)
There was Brian,pushing the pram,and I suddenly saw him in a new light.
那就是布莱恩,推着童车,突然间我对他有了新的认识。
88.see the light一下子明白,开窍;问世(勿望文生义)
He explained his reason and then I saw the light.他解释原因之后,我一下子就明白了。
89.late A.晚的 B.末期的 C.以前的 D.已故的 (熟义:迟到的,晚的)
The late Premier Zhou is respected by all the people in the world.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“late”? ____
90.long A.盼望 B.长 C.长久
We are longing for him to come back as soon as possible.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“long”? ____
M
91.manage A.管理 B.成功 C.对付
The box is very light.I can manage it on my own.But thank you all the same.Which one is the correct meaning of the word“manage”? ____
92.march A.三月 B.行军 C.前进
Long March was the turning point of the Chinese Revolution.
We marched 500 km across the foothills.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“march”? ____
93.master A.主人 B.掌握 C.大师
The country was ruled by France and Italy one after another and then it became its own master in 1861.Which one is the correct meaning of the word“master”? ____
94.mean A.卑鄙的 B.意味着 C.打算
He is so mean and selfish that it is very difficult to make friends with him.Which one is the correct meaning of the word“mean”? ____
O
95.object A.物体 B.宾语 C.反对
You are brave enough to object to your boss at the meeting.I think you should tell the truth.I will support you for ever. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“object”? ____
96.observe A.观察 B.庆祝 C.遵循
The traffic rules should be observed strictly,otherwise you will get into trouble.Which one s the correct meaning of the word“observe”? ____
97.operate A.动手术 B.管理 C.经营
“When will the patient be operated on?”“No moment can be spared now.”Which one is the correct meaning of the word “operate”? ____
98.order A.次序 B.命令 C.订购
Everything will be in order soon.Just have a little patience.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“order”?_____
99. otherwise A.否则的话,要不然 B.用别的方式,不同地
He should have been working, but he was otherwise engaged. 应该在工作,而他却干别的事。
P
100.post A.邮寄 B.岗位 C.柱 D 发帖子 n. 帖子(网)
My brother is applying for an important post in a company.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“post”?_____
101.present A.vt. 提出; 介绍; 赠送给……礼物 B.礼物 C.现在的 D.出席的,在场的
Most scientists who can present evidence of an environmental threat can reasonably assume that a pressure group will take up the issue.
能够提供环境威胁证据的大多数科学家都有理由认为,环保团体不会放过这个问题。
The present controversy dates from 1986. 现在的这一争议始于1986年。
The people present at the meeting put forward a lot of useful suggestion
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“present”?_____
102.promise A.答应 B.诺言 C.有希望
The promising youth is said to be gifted in music.
He promises to be a musician in the near future.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“promise”?_____
103. practice n. 实践,惯常做法
A school dental service exists in theory, but in practice, there are few dentists to work in them.
照理说,学校也有牙医诊所,可实际上,里面的牙医寥寥无几。
Some firms have cut workers 'pay below the level set in their contract, a practice that is illegal in Germany.
一些公司把工人薪水减至低于合同规定的水平,这种做法在德国是非法的。
R
104.raise A.举起 B.饲养 C.引起
The cattle are raised in large numbers on the farm.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“raise”?_____
105.reach A.到达 B.达到 C.伸手去拿 D.手接触的范围
The apple hanging on the wall is out of my reach.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“reach”?_____
106.rest A.休息 B.剩余 C.停止 D.依靠
The matter cannot rest there—I demand an apology.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“rest”?_____
107.rough A.粗糙 B.困难 C.粗鲁的
I'm afraid the maths problem is too rough for me to work out.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“rough”?_____
108. recall A.回忆 B.召回
I recall every detail of the party.
我回想起聚会的每一个细节。
In 2006, Sony had to recall 9.6 million laptop batteries because some of them tended to burst into flames.
2006年,索尼召回了960万块笔记本电池,因为其中部分电池容易爆炸起火。
S
109. save 使….免去 (熟义 节省,节约)
If you could lend me $10, it would save me a trip to the bank.
110. slip A.滑;滑倒 He had slipped on an icy pavement...
B. 迅速而悄无声息地走(到某处);溜(到某处)
Amy slipped downstairs and out of the house...
埃米偷偷下楼溜出了房子。
She slipped into the driving seat and closed the door.
她溜进了驾驶座,关上了门。
他在一条结了冰的人行道上滑了一跤。
111.state A.状态 B.州 C.陈述
The whole house is in a bad state.Why don’t you have a thorough cleaning?
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“state”?_____
112. strength A.力量,力气 B.优点,长处
He pulled the lightened sled with all his strength.
他用尽全力拉减轻了重量的雪橇。
And as long as he can maintain his strength and does not do anything immoral and illegal, they can choose their own way to live and we should not interfere and attack them.
而只要名人可以保持自己的长处,不要做出损害道德和法律的事情,他们的私生活究竟是怎样的,我们是不应该加以干涉和抨击的。
113. symbol A.符号 B.象征
Although smoking is considered as a bad habit but in some communities it is considered as the status symbol.
虽然吸烟被视为一种有害的习惯,但在某些活动中它却是身份的象征。
114. skip A. 跳过 B.省略 skip breakfast 不吃早饭
115. rush A. 冲,奔,急速行动[C] B.激增,大量[S][(+of)]
A sudden rush of business kept us on the go.
营业突然激增使我们忙个不停。
116.taste A.尝 B.口味 C.尝起来
This book is much to my taste.I decide to read it once more.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“taste”?_____
T
117.tie A.绑 B.领带 C.与……有联系
It is tied to the event that happened last week.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“tie”?_____
118.trick A. 诡计;骗局;花招 B.窍门,招数 C.vt. 哄骗
He got into the castle by a trick.
他耍了个花招混进了城堡。
Daily practice is the trick in learning a foreign language.
每天练习是学会一门外语的诀窍。
They tricked me into making a mistake.
他们骗我犯错。
W
119.watch A.监视 B.观看 C. 当心
Watch out for the fire when you are cooking in the kitchen.
Which one is the correct meaning of the word“watch”?_____
Exercises:
1. (2013天津卷) 7. While she was in Paris, she developed a ________ for fine art.
A. way B. relation C. taste D. habit
2. [2014•福建卷] —Could you tell me the________ of making such tasty cakes?
—Well, I just follow the directions in the cookbook.
A. feature B. plan C. cost D. trick
3.(2015浙江卷) One of the most effective ways to reduce is to talk about feelings with someone you trust.
A. production B. stress C. energy D. power
4. (2015苏锡常镇二模) — Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency?
— Well, you know, English is my____. So it is my best choice.
A. talent B. strength C. ability D. skill
5. (2015苏锡常镇一模) Since it is common to copy others’ designs, the Council of Fashion Designers has recently urged the governmentto pass laws to protect designers’ rights.
A. practice B. standard C. sense D. activity
6. (2013苏锡常镇一模) As expected, the boy who shows great in playing badminton has been admitted to the sport university for his talent.
A. requirement B. respect C. addiction D. promise
7. (2015南京二模) 31. Estella showed me the way with a candle. When she opened the side entrance, the_______ of the daylight quite confused me.
A. trend B. rush C. crash D. increase
8. (2014南京三模)22. In March, cherry blossoms(樱花)on both sides of East Beijing Road give the city of Nanjing an early ________ of spring.
A. taste   B. theme  C. sense   D. setting
9.(2014江苏卷)32. I can't meet you on Sunday. I'll be occupied.
A. also B. just C. nevertheless D. otherwise
10. (2014江西卷)23 Thanks for your directions to the house; we wouldn’t have found it ___.
A. nowhere B. however C. otherwise D. instead
11.(2015苏北四市一模)---Sharon, many experts believe that the two pictures are roughly _______.
---I don't quite agree, The painting styles may look very similar but their painters were bom in quite different dynasties.
A. conventional B. contradictory C. contemporary D. conservative
12. (2015苏锡常镇二模) Nowadays mobile internet devices are pushing up demands for online education, which makes people see it as one of the most ____ new market.
A. demanding B. confidential C. promising D. controversial
13.(2009镇江一模)If you want to see a doctor,you should make an appointment with him in advance.That is a common ________ in the U.S..
A.habit B.practice C.tradition D.custom
14. (2015 南京三模) --- Cathy, in my opinion, is very __________.
--- Absolutely! She prefers home life to going out.
A. domestic B. energetic C. dynamic D. enthusiastic
15. (2015南京二模)24. —Do you think he is the only person for the job?
—I’m not quite sure but he’ll prove_______ to the task.
A. equal B. essential C. special D. superior
16. [2014•安徽卷] Shakespeare's writing is still popular today. It has really ________ the test of time.
A. failed B. stood C. taken D. conducted
17.(2013南京、盐城一模) —Tonight’s negotiation _______ to be a difficult one.
--I can’t agree more. Both sides are stubborn and will fight for their own benefits.
A. intends B. sounds C. promises D. prepares
18.(2015苏北四市一模)Many local citizens wrote to the mayor, complaining that the police were always failing to take adequate measures to ________ the growth in crime.
A. decline B. quit C. reject D. check
19.(2014徐州一模)I did enjoy the training on a ver y small island, for it_______ me plenty of time for reflection.
A. accelerated B. afforded C. affected D. allocated
20.(2014苏锡常镇一模) ---The online shopkeeper has apologized for his bad behaviour.
---Ok. If you're still not satisfied, you can _______ compensation.
A. claim B. afford C. sacrifice D. dismiss
21.(2013南京二模)She wanted to ask if he had news of Williams,but words___in her throat.
A. burst   B. stuck   C. broke  D. settled
22.(2014南京二模) I was once ashamed to admit my weakness but now I have no such feeling and I ______ myself much discomfort.
A. bring B. offer C. save D. promise
23. (2015南京二模) It might have_______ your notice but I am very busy at the moment.
A. quit B. neglected C. escaped D. denied
24. (2015南京二模) The frozen waterfall has attracted floods of tourists to_______ the natural beauty.
A. cherish B. admire C. observe D. discover
25. (2014南京三模) The media actually can play a positive role in___consumer issues in some new areas, such as e-commerce and online finance services, which aren't fully covered by current laws.
A. adjusting   B. announcing   C. addressing   D. acknowledging
26.(2015苏北二模) Children enjoying parents’ ___________ during their growth tend to have better living habits than left-behind children.
A. company B. compromise C. command D. comprehension
27.(2015苏锡常镇二模) One well of the oil field was still burning with huge fire twisting crazily ______the night sky.
A. in B. on C. against D. across
28. (2015苏锡常镇一模) Though China’s GDP growth marked the slowest since 2009. It was still within the reasonable range set by policy-makers and market expectation.
A. in line with B. in connection with C. in conflict with D. in parallel with
29. (2015 南京三模)32. To survive in the world, we have to act _______ others, but to survive as ourselves, we have to act alone.
A. in honor of B. in concert with C. in light of D. in contact with
30. (2015南京二模) 28. He abandoned teaching_______ a career as a musician.
A. in favor of B. in terms of C with regard to D. with reference to
31.(2011新课标卷34)William found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to _______. .
A. disappear B. fall C. fail D. damage
32. (2016徐州一检)Fine violins by skilled old Italians can ______ hundreds of thousands of dollars, andprices still keep rising.
A. withdraw B. fetch C. deposit D. charge
一词多义
1. (南京市,盐城市2015高三一模33)You’re not ____ to unemployment benefit if you have never worked.
A. accustomed B. resigned C. entitled D. submitted
2. [2014•江苏卷] Top graduates from universities are ________ by major companies.
A. chased B. registered C. offered D. compensated
3. [2014•江苏卷] She was put under house arrest two years ago but remained a powerful ________ in last year's election.
A. symbol B. portrait C. identity D. statue
4.(2015浙江卷)Studies have shown that the right and left ear ________sound differently.
A. produce B. pronounce C. process D. download
5.(2015浙江卷) One of the most effective ways to reduce is to talk about feelings with someone you trust.
A. production B. stress C. energy D. power
6. (2013苏锡常镇一模) 一How do you understand that education is not an end, but a(n) an end, pro fessor?
一We do not educate children only for the purpose of educating them but for fitting them for life.
A. error to B. means to C. answer for D. reason for
7. (2014南京二模) One of the characteristics that make me different from many people is my adaptability-I’m _______ and comfortable in new or unusual situations.
A. acceptable B. respectable C. reliable D. flexible
8.(2013江西卷)She _____ the carpet with some very nice curtains in color.
A. connected B. fitted C. equipped D. matched.
9. [2014•江苏卷] Legend has it that the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is to ________ the soul of Qu Yuan.
A. remember B. remind C. recover D. recall
10. [2008•福建卷] What's the _____ of having a public open space where you can't eat, drink or even simply hang out for a while?
A .sense B. matter C. case D. opinion
10.(2011浙江卷9) The professor could tell by the ___________look in Maria’s eyes that she didn’t understand a single word of his lecture
A. cold B. blank C. innocent D. fresh
11.(2011浙江卷16)My schedule is very ______ right now, but I’ll try to fit you in.
A. tight B. short C. regular D. flexible
12.(2011福建卷30)Nowadays, ____ increase in children’s creativity, for they are greatly encouraged to develop their talents.
A. sharp B.slight C.natural D.modest
13.(2011福建卷28)I’d prefer to____ my judgement until I find all the evidence.
A. show B. express C. pass D. reserve
14.(2014 湖北23.) Seeing the big crowd coming towards him, he started to run down the hill, but ______ and went down on his hands and knees in the melting snow.
A. slipped B. skied C. signalled D. sank
15.(2014 湖北24.) The old rules have to be ______ because they only applied to the circumstances that existed when they were made a hundred years ago.
A. developed B. established C. observed D. revised
16. When asked how he came up with the excellent idea, he said one of his childhood experiences was the original _____ to begin his story.
A. application B. evaluation C. creation D. inspiration
17.(2013南京、盐城一模)If you drop all your friends because you are in power, _______ are that they will drop you too because you are not reliable.
A. chances B. opportunities C. questions D. problems
18. With inspiration from other food cultures, American food culture can take a ____ for the better.
A. share B. chance C. turn D. lead
19. The Well Hotel stands in a quiet place the main road at the far end of the lake.
A. to B. for C. off D. out
20. She has already tried her best. Please don’t be too _____ about her job.
A. special B. responsible C. unusual D. particular
21. (2010全国Ⅱ)The island is ____ attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons.
A. partly B. merely C. nearly D. equally
22. (2008浙江)There are plenty of jobs ___ in the western part of the country.
A.present B.available C.precious D.convenient
23. (2007 天津)The final score of the basketball match was 93-94.We were only _____ beaten.
A. nearly B. slightly C. narrowly D. lightly
24. (2007 天津)0-00 A new______ bus service to Tianjin Airport started to operate two months ago.
A. normal B. usual C. regular D. common
25. (2008辽宁) You have to be a fairly good speaker to ______ listeners’ interest for over an hour.
A. hold B. make C. improve D. receive
26. (2008山东) The fact that she never apologized _____ a lot about what kind of person she is.
A. says B. talks C. appears D. declares
27. ( 2009山东)— Do you have enough to _____ all your daily expenses?
— Oh yes, enough and to spare.
A. cover B. spend C. fill D. offer
28. ---Will you be _________ this evening, Mary?
---That depends. I am afraid I will be with my manager together discussing a plan.
A. convenient B. suitable C. available D. efficient
29. A new ______ to teaching the English languages is being used here, and it has turned out to be very helpful to the students.
A. way B. means C. approach D. method
30. A good idea was ______ by the local government that all the ancient paintings in the ruined temples should be protected right now.
A. adapted B. adopted C. absorbed D. abused
31. This new kind of chemical will help keep the air, soil and water________ from pollution.
A.empty B.free C.loose D.short
32.Due to the ________of this medical technology, some diseases can be treated at an early stage.
A.approach B.appreciation C.application D.appointment
33. Last week, I tried to contact all former classmates, but one or two ____ through the Internet.
(南通市2015届第一次调研 32)
A. slid B. slipped C. skipped D. squeezed
34. The two organizations will arrange a one-year seminar and ____ it with a report on their in-depth studies and research findings.(2015年徐州市英语三检 33 )
A. conclude B. summarize C. deduce D. infer
35.(2015苏北三市三模)The only way to live happily with others is to _________ their faults and admire their virtues.
A. overlook B. justify C. clarify D. acknowledge

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